Phonics Phonics At Harden Primary School, we believe that our to pupils’ key to success is their ability to read. We are committed to teaching our pupils to become skilled readers who develop a comprehensive understanding of words, language and texts. They learn to read and then read to learn. Intent Phonics (reading and spelling) At Harden Primary School, we believe that all our children can become fluent readers and writers. This is why we teach reading through Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised, which is a systematic and synthetic phonics programme. We start teaching phonics in Reception and follow the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised progression, which ensures children build on their growing knowledge of the alphabetic code, mastering phonics to read and spell as they move through school. As a result, all our children are able to tackle any unfamiliar words as they read. At Harden Primary School, we also model the application of the alphabetic code through phonics in shared reading and writing, both inside and outside of the phonics lesson and across the curriculum. We have a strong focus on language development for our children because we know that speaking and listening are crucial skills for reading and writing in all subjects. Comprehension At Harden Primary School, we value reading as a crucial life skill. By the time children leave us, they read confidently for meaning and regularly enjoy reading for pleasure. Our readers are equipped with the tools to tackle unfamiliar vocabulary. We encourage our children to see themselves as readers for both pleasure and purpose. Because we believe teaching every child to read is so important, we have a Reading Leader who drives the early reading programme in our school. This person is highly skilled at teaching phonics and reading, and they monitor and support our reading team, so everyone teaches with fidelity to the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised programme. Implementation Daily phonics lessons in Reception and Year 1 We teach phonics for up to 30 minutes a day. In Reception, we build from 10-minute lessons, with additional daily oral blending games, to the full-length lesson as quickly as possible. Each Friday, we review the week’s teaching to help children become fluent readers. Children make a strong start in Reception: teaching begins in Week 2 of the Autumn term. Children in Reception are taught to read and spell words using Phase 2 and 3 GPCs, and words with adjacent consonants (Phase 4) with fluency and accuracy. Children in Year 1 review Phase 3 and 4 and are taught to read and spell words using Phase 5 GPCs with fluency and accuracy. Discrete assessments occur every 6 weeks to ensure all children are making progress and identifying any children needing additional support. Daily Keep-up & Rapid catch-up lessons ensure every child learns to read Any child who needs additional practice has daily keep-up support, taught by a fully trained adult. Keep-up lessons match the structure of class teaching, and use the same procedures, resources and mantras, but in smaller steps with more repetition, so that every child secures their learning. Moving into Year 2 our children begin the Autumn term by reviewing Phase 5 sounds taught in Year 1. The children then move onto the spelling programme. If any child in Year 2 to 6 has gaps in their phonic knowledge when reading or writing, we plan phonics ‘rapid catch-up’ lessons to address specific reading/writing gaps. These short, sharp lessons last 10 minutes and take place at least three times a week. Assessments are carried out every 3 weeks to monitor progress closely and provide support where needed. Teaching reading: Reading practice sessions three times a week We teach children to read through reading practice sessions three times a week. These sessions are: Taught by a fully trained adult to small groups of approximately 6-8 children. Use books matched to the children’s secure phonic knowledge using the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessments and book matching grids on pages 8-19 of ‘Application of phonics to reading’ Are monitored by the class teacher, who rotates and works with each group on a regular basis. Each reading practice session has a clear focus, so that the demands of the session do not overload the children’s working memory. The reading practice sessions have been designed to focus on three key reading skills: Decoding: teaching new vocabulary, becoming familiar with the story Prosody: teaching children to read with understanding and expression Comprehension: teaching children to understand the text. In Reception these sessions start in Week 4. Children who are not yet decoding have daily additional blending practice in small groups, so that they quickly learn to blend and can begin to read books. In Year 2 and 3, we continue to teach reading in this way for any children who still need to practise reading with decodable books. The decodable reading practice book is taken home to ensure success is shared with the family – we have reading records for linked communication from home-school to comment on reading/phonics. Home reading/phonics Reading for pleasure books also go home weekly for parents to share and read to children. Reception send home sound flashcards as they are taught to support parents with pronunciation tips and formation rhymes. We use the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised parents’ resources to engage our families and share information about phonics, the benefits of sharing books, how children learn to blend and other aspects of our provision, both online and through workshops. Please click here to access the Little Wandle slide show delivered to parents September 2023. Additional reading support for vulnerable children Children in Reception and Year 1 who are receiving additional phonics Keep-up sessions read their reading practice book to an adult daily. Adaptive teaching strategies are implemented into provision to support and target these children further to close the gap. Ensuring consistency and pace of progress Every teacher in our school has been trained to teach reading, so we have the same expectations of progress. We all use the same language, routines and resources to teach children to read so that we lower children’s cognitive load. Weekly content grids map each element of new learning to each day, week and term for the duration of the programme. Lesson templates, Prompt cards and how to videos ensure teachers all have a consistent approach and structure for each lesson. The Reading Leader and SLT use the Audit and Prompt cards to regularly monitor and observe teaching; they use the summative data to identify children who need additional support and gaps in learning. Ensuring reading for pleasure ‘Reading for pleasure is the single most important indicator of a child’s success.’ (OECD 2002) ‘The will influences the skill and vice versa.’ (OECD 2010) We value reading for pleasure highly and work hard as a school to grow our Reading for Pleasure pedagogy. We read to children every day. We choose these books carefully as we want children to experience a wide range of books, including books that reflect the children at Harden Primary School and our local community as well as books that open windows into other worlds and cultures. Every classroom has an inviting book corner that encourages a love for reading. We curate these books and talk about them to entice children to read a wide range of books. In Reception, children have access to the reading corner every day in their free flow time and the books are continually refreshed. Children from Reception onwards have reading recorded in their “reading record” The parent/carer records comments to share with the adults in school and the adults will comment back on a regular basis to ensure communication between home and school. As the children progress through the school, they are encouraged to write their own comments and keep a list of the books/authors that they have read. Each class visits the local library in Bingley throughout the school year. The school library is made available for classes to use on regular slots each week. Across the school have regular opportunities to engage with a wide range of Reading for Pleasure events (book fairs, author visits and workshops, national events etc). Impact Assessment Assessment is used to monitor progress and to identify any child needing additional support as soon as they need it. Assessment for learning is used: Daily within class to identify children needing Keep-up support Weekly in the Review lesson to assess gaps, address these immediately and secure fluency of GPCs, words and spellings. Summative assessment is used: Every six weeks to assess progress, to identify gaps in learning that need to be addressed, to identify any children needing additional support and to plan the Keep-up support that they need. By SLT and scrutinised through the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessment tracker, to narrow attainment gaps between different groups of children and so that any additional support for teachers can be put into place. Every 3 weeks for those children accessing the Rapid or Daily catch up programme. Statutory assessment Children in Year 1 sit the Phonics Screening Check. Any child not passing the check re-sits it in Year 2. Please click here for our PowerPoint shared with parents about the Phonics Screening check. You may find some of these additional guides useful: KS2- Reading Presentation Phonics and Early Reading Parent workshop– September 2023 Glossary of terms Programme Overview for Reception and Year 1 Reception grapheme mats Year 1 grapheme mats Formation phrases linked to our writing Pronunciation Guide Phonics screening presentation KS1 You can also watch videos of this pronunciation via the website https://www.littlewandlelettersandsounds.org.uk/resources/for-parents/ If you have any questions about phonics, please speak to your child’s class teacher or Miss Roe our Phonics and Reading lead.